producing a collage in the light of the case studies and phrases

I produced a digital collage based on list of case studies & phrases below. We were supposed to research the cases and use, relate them with the phrases as a source, as a guide.

Le Corbusier, Villa Curutchet / Argentina, 1949
Frederick Kiesler, Endless House / Unbuild, 1950
MVRDV, Balancing Barn / Suffolk, United Kingdom, 2010
Shigeru Ban, Wall-less House / Japan, 1997
Serhat Akbay, Bağevi, İzmir, 2000
Peter Eisenman, House II, 1968
Ahmet Alataş, ipera 25, İstanbul, 2011
Christian Kerez, House with a Missing Column / Zürich, 2014
Smiljan Radic, House for the Poem of the Right Angle / Chile, 2005

Additionally, I have two initiator phrases as a orienting concept. They are not structural principles or ideas related with the case studies. They are more abstract terms and it is up to us to interpret these flexible statements. We need to take them as open ended themes because these phrases relate to almost anything since we do not take them with their literally meaning. So, here in order to find or build some relations, we need to know the case studies very well.

phrases: reading the material & narrow explosion


first collage

This was the first trial. As a beginner, I could not think how to use and relate these inputs properly. That’s why it does look like a sci-fi based collage.

I interpreted the phrase reading the material as to be able to observe the relationship between the materials of a building (the collage also has the meaning the hands let the materials & their relations to read, observe). For example, leftmost material is steel and on the right side of the steel, there is concrete. The relation, that I have observed, between these two material is taken from House with a Missing Column & the red strips between the materials represents the strenght of this relation compared to the relationship between the materials of buildings in other case studies. More strong the relationships are, less the width of red strip. By mentioning the strength of the relation, I mean are these two are constantly used with each other or not. So, the strong relations between the materials cause to explosion. It was an extreme interpretation, after we have discussed a bit in the studio, I have realized that my collage is not acceptable. Really!

By the way, I know that while trying to cope with the phrases I have produced the collage without using the case studies.


revised collage

After the discussions in the studio, I have began to think in another way which is more correlate with the case studies. This time, it came to my mind that I can refer the light condition in the houses to the phrase narrow explosion. Explosion is like the light to be ample in a space as in Endless House. In Endless House, “Kiesler’s architectural drawings, models, and photographs depicted a space allowing light to reach every corner of the room withous being broken up by corners and interior walls.”.However, we can observe how the light is limited in House for the Poem of the Right Angle. Here, the narrow explosion means the light to be limited in a space so that we will be able to read whether the material of building let the ample light to reach everywhere or filter the light. This contrast lead me to compose my collage. While in the example of House for the Poem of the Right Angle (left side of the collage) the condition of windowless (lack of material) make the light to be limited in a space, in the example of Wall-less House (right side of the collage) we can observe how this wall-less condition works (the condition of the material to be less make us to observe the amplitude of the light in the space). By thinking that the collage does not require well reasoned relationships, I hope it is clear how I combined these all inputs in a single collage.


Architectural Survey

Architectural Survey is the action of drawing and measuring a building to analyze its characteristics. It is the system of knowledge and activities aimed to draw the structure and the shape of a building, in both plane and three-dimensional form.

We have got a brief informing about measurement system and how to use AutoCad, right after, we assigned to produce the drawing set of the given area of our University. In this way, we had a chance to practice the techniques of architectural survey. After making the necessary measurements in group & we produced the final drawings accordingly in AutoCad.

We have produced 1 plan, 2 elevation and 2 section drawings as a group. Let’s see how did we get the measurements & how did we produce the drawings. Beside measuring the lengths, in order to determine the exact location of each element, side, edge, corner etc. in the area, we supposed a few corners of a few lines in the area as fixed. So, we took measurements from the corners of this identified lines towards the elements which we want to  identify their locations. This method of measurement is very useful.

As another method we used a plastic tube for measuring the level differences of two points. After the tube is filled with water, we marked those zero points and started to take measurements according to them. This method enabled us to take our measurement more accurate because we did not know whether the ground is flat or not. Continue reading


The relationship between design and research.

“What do architects understand research to be? How do architects use research? When and how do architects undertake research in their practices? What research knowledge do practising architects need? How does research bring value to architects’ practices and their clients? How do architects connect with research from academic and other research organisations?”


When it is necessary to create solutions to design problems, research become the part of design. These two works together, gets involved.

In order to get inspired and obtain useful information, we can analyze the case studies; search for the works of architects, engineers, other artists; use references, quotations, anotations, translations, adaptations; read magazines, websites. We can do research in various areas.Since everything refer to each other, the influences we have obtained from these research can help us to solve the design problem. Plus, how we interpret the things we learn, guide us on how to progress.

I highly recommend you to go through the guide: how architects use research. There are some given case studies which practically shows how to design better for different clients.


What if, Peter Eisenman designed the Gropius House?

As you can guess from the title, this is a kind of study that we speculate on what if, Peter Eisenman designed the Gropius House?

It is not expected the end product is to be a completely new house. I mean the purpose is not to design a thing. The purpose is keeping the characteristic features of the Gropius House or may be the reflections of the characteristic style of Walter Gropius in the house, later on, bringing some details of Peter Eisenman’s design style so that in the end, the result house will still be Gropius House.

The crucial feature of Peter Eisenman houses: the grid style plan. The plan of Gropius House is close to being a grid style plan with its  reference lines, so with a small touches it can be turned into a grid style plan easily. This would be the touch of Peter Eisenman, I think. Also, I think that the façade of Gropius House is so smooth that Peter Eisenman would fragment the planes and it would be like composition of rectangular elements, lines, planes. Furthermore, I think the stairs would not be stay in spiral form & outside the house because I have observed that Peter Eisenmann does not doing such things, instead I located the staircase interior and created it with mass. Continue reading

Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography or annotated bib is a bibliography (a list of books or other works) that includes descriptive and evaluative comments about the sources cited in your paper. These comments are also known as annotations. An annotated bibliography entry consists of two components: the Citation and the Annotation. 

“A house is a machine for living in. Baths, sun, hot water, cold water, warmth at will, conservation of food, hygiene, beauty in the sense of good proportion. An armchair is a machine for sitting in, and so on.”

Le, C., & Cohen, J.-L. (2009). Toward an Architecture (pp. 151). Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute.

Toward an Architecture has filled with Le Corbusier’s modern and revolutionary ideas on 19th and 20th century architecture. The book is so important that Corbusier’s theories and principles in it are still up to date.

The Swiss-born French architect has likened a house to a machine, therefore he supports the idea that a house is to be a perfectly engineered tool for life. Rather than meaning people live inside electronic things, the idea actually expresses that houses are efficient, and functional tools to help provide for the necessities of life. People live in it, have activities and requirements in a house and no more. In this manner, by associating engineering with architecture, Corbusier argues that decorations are not necessary to beautify since he is aware of functionally designed products of engineering actually tend to be a quite beautiful.

This book is relevant because it indicates how the concept of house has sunk in modernism.


“rectangular boundaries, defined by two intersecting orthogonal axes”

I wrote a short essay about rectangular boundaries which are defined by two intersecting orthogonal axes in the history of architecture.

The primitive sacred expression of the four elements which combined with a central element can be found in all religions and mythologies of the world. The Cosmic Cross and the Axis Mundi (the cosmic center) are the most known representations which relate to the four cardinal points. Since the origin of the sacred expression of the four is related to the spatial orientation of man in the world, it acquired spatial and strictly geometrical representations. Therefore, that representations were adopted in the construction of quadripartite cities (e.g. urbs dei), palaces, temples (e.g. Buddhist stupas, Hindu temples, Christian cruciform churches and martyria, Islamic four-iwan mosques and madrasas, and Sufi domed four-iwan khanaqahs, etc.), tombs and Persian gardens (e.g. chahar baghs). Thusly, rectangular boundaries, defined by two intersecting orthogonal axes marking the four corners of the world can be seen in all these architectural and landscape sites clearly.[i]

The most momentous work that survives in Iran is Masjid-i Jami at Isfahan was initially built by the early Muslims who arrived in the first century after the Hijra (AH). The mosque was enlarged by Buyids (between 908-32 CE), following the restructuring of the mosque to a typical hypostyle plan by Abbasids in 840-41 CE. After Seljuks made Isfahan their capital, the mosque reached a remarkable position. The vizier of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah, Nizam al-Mulk supported much of the rebuilding of the mosque and he introduced many features including a large brick dome in front of the mihrab in imitation of the Umayyad mosques  (between 1086/87 CE). Later, a political rival of Nizam al-Mulk, Taj al-Mulk added a seldom equaled sister dome (between 1088/89 CE) at the opposite end on the northern axis of Nizam al-Mulk’s dome. During 1120-1121, an occurred fire consumed much of the original Masjid-i Jami except Taj al-Mulk’s dome. Moreover, the transformation from the hypostyle plan of mosque into a four-iwan scheme, which arranged around a large courtyard, was during these times as well. Plus, the alignment of the walls’ decorated panels, the squinches, and windows above them expressed an impressive verticality and achieved a structural harmony. The mosque is a masterpiece of brick architecture, besides it has presented new elements, structural ingenuity and complexity. Furthermore, traces of Seljuk architecture are seen in the applications: the amalgam of decoration compositions which is produced by the variety of brick patterns, the detailed work in carved stucco, colored panels of floral, geometric and epigraphic motifs. Continue reading