state of the mediterranean marine and coastal environment

click for larger image in details

Mediterranean marine and coastal environment is examined under the main titles of Aquaculture and its production in the Mediterranean. Although mediterranean region has a long history fish farming, aquaculture -which is the fastest growing food sector in the world- and particularlly mariculture have undergone a dramatic expansion since 1990s.

Mediterranean sea is the prototype of a semi-enclosed sea with a limited connection to the ocean through a narrow and shallow strait. Infographics which refers to surface circulation, river discharge of freshwater into the Mediterranean. Schematically shows the mediterranean sea water masses: vertical distribution since the mediterranean sea comprises three main water masses.

There you can see infographics which shows maritime transportation routes in the mediterranean and coastal transport infrastructure in the mediterranean since the development of maritime transport is inherently linked to the development of coastal infrastructure such as ports and motorways and railways connnecting in land areas to the ports.

The mediterranean basin, is by far the largest global tourism destionation, attracting almost a third of the world’s internationsl tourists and besides, tourism contributes CO2 emissions, mostly thorugh increased use of air and road transportation. About the tourism in the mediterranean countries, there is a scheme which shows international tourism receipts share via countries, and tourist pressure on mediterranean coast again via countries.

An overview of water stress in the mediterranean basin, water exploitation, geography, physiography and landscapes, coastal erosion and fragial ecosystems in the mediterranean.

The image above contains, graphics about litter, industrial hazardous waste in the mediterranean countries, floating plastics, plastic pellets, and organic micropollutants; neo-renewable energy resources; major types of marine litter; sources of environmental impact on the mediterranean sea. Additionally, organic water pollutants, the amount of the oil spilled in the mediterranean, possible oil slicks detected by satelllites.

Infographical maps which shows mean surface salinity, total annual precipitations and sea level variations.

Maritime transportation and aquaculture are the main ways non-indigenous specied enter the western basin of the mediterranean. Migration through the Suez Canal is responsible for most non-indigenous species in the eastern basin of mediterranean. Mediterranean sea is a biodiversity hotspot containing large amount of marine species, nearly a quarter of which are endemic. There exists maps refers to biodiversity in meditetteranean, number of species in the image above.

Climatically, the mediterranean is characterised by warm temperatures, winter dominated rainfall, dry summers, and an abundance of microclimates. The sea surface temperature, mean annual & surface temperature of the mediterranean is added as well.

Please click the to the link below the image to get more detailed information.

Reference: Mediterranean Marine and Coastal Environment in http://www.grida.no/resources/5937

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